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The Names of Allah

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HOW MUCH DO YOU KNOW ABOUT OUR GOD ALLAH, OUR CREATOR?

Who created you ? Who granted you your body,your eyes, or the color of your hair ? Who determined the shape of your body or the color of your eyes ? Who .created all other people, the heavens, Earth, and every living being in between? Who determined the order of the planets, the Sun, and the stars in the depths of space?

Your answers to all these questions will be the same: “Allah.” When asked to other people, they will also answer: “Allah.” Indeed, Allah informs us in the Qur'an that people will confess this fact, as follows:

If you ask them: “Who created the .heavens and Earth and made the Sun and Moon subservient?” They will say: “Allah.” So how have they been deluded [away from the truth]? ( Surat al-‘Ankabut, 29:61)

So, how well do you know our Creator, Who planned you and the entire universe with a delicate equilibrium? Are you aware that He sees and hears you every moment and knows your every act? Where do you think Allah is? Did He create you and then leave you to your own devices? Does He tell you how to live? Can you see Him? Has anyone talked with Him? What other creatures did He create? What kind of a life does He promise after death?

No doubt, many similar questions may be raised and you may answer them in your own way. While doing so, you will rely on what you have learned from your family or relatives, the people surrounding you, or the books you have read. Well, have you ever wondered if their answers are correct?

Everyone may put forward different views about Allah. Conditioned by his education, a philosopher may formulate a definition that relies on his favorite philosophers' views. A housewife who is truly ignorant of Allah believes in what she hears from her neighbors. A writer who writes about Allah may have received no theological training or even not know a single verse of the Qur'an, His final revelation to humanity. Yet anybody who reads his book considers its every line as if it were absolutely correct, internalizes it, and, with great confidence, tells it to other people. The majority of people never wonder if what they have heard is incorrect or mistaken.

We need to remember that humanity is fallible and, therefore, people may act ignorantly. For this reason, in our endeavor to know Allah, we turn to the Qur'an, the most reliable and unique source, the just Book in which Allah explains everything a person needs to know. When we refer to it for the answer to the above questions, we see that Allah is everywhere. He is nearer to you than your jugular vein, witnesses and sees everything you do, hears every word you utter, knows your innermost prayer, and is beside you at every moment. Furthermore, Allah talks to His servants with whom He wishes to speak. For instance, the Qur'an relates that He talked to Prophet Musa (as) and preferred him to all other human beings alive at that time. Allah also created angels and jinn, as well as the afterlife, where each individual will have an eternal existence in the Hereafter. Allah also explains how we should live in order to attain Paradise after death.

This book, written to introduce you Allah, seeks to replace the vague, flawed, and insignificant information that you may have acquired over the years with the genuine faith described in the Qur'an so that you may come to know Allah, the All-Mighty, better and draw nearer to Him. Allah introduces Himself to humanity through the Qur'an He sent down 1,400 years ago and informs us of His beautiful names. The various examples and explanations contained therein display Allah's infinite wisdom, intelligence, and artistry.

The verses provided under each of Allah's names are from Allah, Who mentions and then explains that particular name. Under each name, you will find concise explanations reflecting the viewpoints that will remind you of some details about the name in question. Although these explanations are inadequate, for many volumes could be written about just one of His names, we will limit ourselves to concise ponderings that will broaden the reader's viewpoint.

The Names of Allah only conveys what is written in the Qur'an, for we have no knowledge about His names other than what He teaches us. Those that are out of our knowledge are, as is the case with everything else, in our Lord's Sight:

They said: “Glory be to You! We have no knowledge except what You have taught us. You are the All-Knowing, the All-Wise.” ( Surat al-Baqara, 2:32)

 

Arabic English Translation
1 Allah (الله) The Greatest Name
2 Ar-Rahman (الرحمن) The All-Compassionate
3 Ar-Rahim (الرحيم) The All-Merciful
4 Al-Malik (الملك) The Absolute Ruler
5 Al-Quddus (القدوس) The Pure One
6 As-Salam (السلام) The Source of Peace
7 Al-Mu'min (المؤمن) The Inspirer of Faith
8 Al-Muhaymin (المهيمن) The Guardian
9 Al-Aziz (العزيز) The Victorious
10 Al-Jabbar (الجبار) The Compeller
11 Al-Mutakabbir (المتكبر) The Greatest
12 Al-Khaliq (الخالق) The Creator
13 Al-Bari' (البارئ) The Maker of Order
14 Al-Musawwir (المصور) The Shaper of Beauty
15 Al-Ghaffar (الغفار) The Forgiving
16 Al-Qahhar (القهار) The Subduer
17 Al-Wahhab (الوهاب) The Giver of All
18 Ar-Razzaq (الرزاق) The Sustainer
19 Al-Fattah (الفتاح) The Opener
20 Al-`Alim (العليم) The Knower of All
21 Al-Qabid (القابض) The Constrictor
22 Al-Basit (الباسط) The Reliever
23 Al-Khafid (الخافض) The Abaser
24 Ar-Rafi (الرافع) The Exalter
25 Al-Mu'izz (المعز) The Bestower of Honors
26 Al-Mudhill (المذل) The Humiliator
27 As-Sami (السميع) The Hearer of All
28 Al-Basir (البصير) The Seer of All
29 Al-Hakam (الحكم) The Judge
30 Al-`Adl (العدل) The Just
31 Al-Latif (اللطيف) The Subtle One
32 Al-Khabir (الخبير) The All-Aware
33 Al-Halim (الحليم) The Forbearing
34 Al-Azim (العظيم) The Magnificent
35 Al-Ghafur (الغفور) The Forgiver and Hider of Faults
36 Ash-Shakur (الشكور) The Rewarder of Thankfulness
37 Al-Ali (العلى) The Highest
38 Al-Kabir (الكبير) The Greatest
39 Al-Hafiz (الحفيظ) The Preserver
40 Al-Muqit (المقيت) The Nourisher
41 Al-Hasib (الحسيب) The Accounter
42 Al-Jalil (الجليل) The Mighty
43 Al-Karim (الكريم) The Generous
44 Ar-Raqib (الرقيب) The Watchful One
45 Al-Mujib (المجيب) The Responder to Prayer
46 Al-Wasi (الواسع) The All-Comprehending
47 Al-Hakim (الحكيم) The Perfectly Wise
48 Al-Wadud (الودود) The Loving One
49 Al-Majid (المجيد) The Majestic One
50 Al-Ba'ith (الباعث) The Resurrector
51 Ash-Shahid (الشهيد) The Witness
52 Al-Haqq (الحق) The Truth
53 Al-Wakil (الوكيل) The Trustee
54 Al-Qawiyy (القوى) The Possessor of All Strength
55 Al-Matin (المتين) The Forceful One
56 Al-Waliyy (الولى) The Governor
57 Al-Hamid (الحميد) The Praised One
58 Al-Muhsi (المحصى) The Appraiser
59 Al-Mubdi' (المبدئ) The Originator
60 Al-Mu'id (المعيد) The Restorer
61 Al-Muhyi (المحيى) The Giver of Life
62 Al-Mumit (المميت) The Taker of Life
63 Al-Hayy (الحي) The Ever Living One
64 Al-Qayyum (القيوم) The Self-Existing One
65 Al-Wajid (الواجد) The Finder
66 Al-Majid (الماجد) The Glorious
67 Al-Wahid (الواحد) The One, the All Inclusive, The Indivisible
68 As-Samad (الصمد) The Satisfier of All Needs
69 Al-Qadir (القادر) The All Powerful
70 Al-Muqtadir (المقتدر) The Creator of All Power
71 Al-Muqaddim (المقدم) The Expediter
72 Al-Mu'akhkhir (المؤخر) The Delayer
73 Al-Awwal (الأول) The First
74 Al-Akhir (الأخر) The Last
75 Az-Zahir (الظاهر) The Manifest One
76 Al-Batin (الباطن) The Hidden One
77 Al-Wali (الوالي) The Protecting Friend
78 Al-Muta'ali (المتعالي) The Supreme One
79 Al-Barr (البر) The Doer of Good
80 At-Tawwab (التواب) The Guide to Repentance
81 Al-Muntaqim (المنتقم) The Avenger
82 Al-'Afuww (العفو) The Forgiver
83 Ar-Ra'uf (الرؤوف) The Clement
84 Malik-al-Mulk (مالك الملك) The Owner of All
85 Dhu-al-Jalal wa-al-Ikram (ذو الجلال و الإكرام) The Lord of Majesty and Bounty
86 Al-Muqsit (المقسط) The Equitable One
87 Al-Jami' (الجامع) The Gatherer
88 Al-Ghani (الغنى) The Rich One
89 Al-Mughni (المغنى) The Enricher
90 Al-Mani'(المانع) The Preventer of Harm
91 Ad-Darr (الضار) The Creator of The Harmful
92 An-Nafi' (النافع) The Creator of Good
93 An-Nur (النور) The Light
94 Al-Hadi (الهادي) The Guide
95 Al-Badi (البديع) The Originator
96 Al-Baqi (الباقي) The Everlasting One
97 Al-Warith (الوارث) The Inheritor of All
98 Ar-Rashid (الرشيد) The Righteous Teacher
99 As-Sabur (الصبور) The Patient One

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